The Future for the Next Generation of Teachers

Foresight Centre: Finding new teachers is becoming increasingly challenging across Estonia

Transition to Estonian as the language of instruction and the influx of Ukrainian refugees are set to exacerbate the problem of finding new teachers across Estonia. This is set out as the initial task of the new research into “The Future for the Next Generation of Teachers” of the Foresight Centre. The new research explores the factors that affect new teachers entering the profession, and its goal is to outline the future trends until 2040.

Laps õpib

The Head of the Foresight Centre Tea Danilov explains that the situation of teachers in Estonia has so far been studied mainly through the focus of low salaries, although the reality is much more varied. “The future of the teaching profession depends on how we talk about the profession, what is the working culture and class climate, and what are the growing expectations of parents and the society to the teachers today,” Danilov said.

The Foresight Centre will analyse the current trends from the perspective of teachers, students, and schools, and outline possible future scenarios. The Centre will additionally focus on the regional policy perspective, proceeding from the need to reorganise Estonia’s school network on the basis of student numbers and population placement.

The Foresight Centre will also analyse the career choices of teachers and outlooks for the future. “The younger generation has a new way of approaching the labour market – frequent changing of jobs and careers is common nowadays, as is the expectation of more flexible working relations. This raises the question of how we could ensure a stable future for the teaching profession when the new generations of teachers change jobs more frequently than the older ones and gig work has taken the labour market by storm,” said expert of the Foresight Centre Eneli Kindsiko.

A growing number of studies is showing that the daily work of a teacher in the classroom and school is becoming increasingly challenging, which is another reason for young teachers to leave schools. “Classroom climate, disciplinary problems of students, and overly critical parents have their impact on teachers staying in schools and new teachers coming in. The teaching profession is also one of the best examples of five generations, i.e. teachers between the ages of 20 and 70, working together in one organisation, and this also sets new challenges to both teachers and school managers,” Kindsiko added.

In its new line of study, the Foresight Centre will also analyse how much the creation of a technological infrastructure would contribute to a uniform quality of regional education. Applying digital means to learning is a growing requirement today, but only one in three teachers feel digitally competent enough. It further complicates teaching in schools that the students are often significantly more technologically literate than the teachers.

The Foresight Centre looks at the factors that impact the future of the teaching profession and outlines the possible future scenarios on the need for and the numbers of new teachers until 2040. The final report of the research into “The Future for the Next Generation of Teachers” will be completed in the fourth quarter of this year.

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